California state Senators are elected every four years. The terms are staggered; those from even-numbered districts elected in one statewide General Election, and those from odd-numbered districts two years later. This creates a problem when district lines are redrawn every ten years. All of the new district lines for the state Assembly and US Congress take effect at the next election – but for the state Senate, the process is staggered, with new district lines taking effect for only half of the districts imme-diately after redistricting, and the other lines taking effect two years later.
In 2022 voters will elect new state senators in even-numbered districts for new four-year terms. State Senators in odd-numbered districts were elected in 2020. Some voters may find themselves moved from an even-numbered district to an odd-numbered one. For these individuals, voting in a state Senate race will be deferred until 2024. The Citizens Redistricting Commission did attempt to create and number districts that cause as few voters as possible to defer voting for another two years.
Accelerated voters are the opposite of deferred voters. These are voters who voted in odd-numbered state Senate districts in 2020, and now, in 2022, are in even-numbered districts. They will vote for state Senator in both 2020 and 2022.
What happens to voters in deferred areas? Who do they contact as “their” state Senator?
In 2013, the state Senate set the following rules:
Due to redistricting, Senate districts have a unique issue that Assembly and Congressional districts do not have. Of the Senate districts established by the Citizens Redistricting Commis-sion in 2011, only the odd-numbered districts went into effect for the 2012 election cycle. The new even-numbered districts will go into effect for the 2014 election cycle, and the even-numbered districts previously established by the 2001 redistricting will continue to exist until 2014. These unique circumstances create some areas of overlap between the old and new districts (“accelerated areas”) and some areas without coverage (“deferred areas”). For the 2013-14 Regular Session of the Legislature, each accelerated area essentially has two Sena-tors representing the area and each deferred area has none. The Senate Committee on Rules will assign a Senator to provide appropriate constituent services to each deferred area. This is a normal consequence of the redistricting process.
Assuming that the Senate applies the same practice in 2023, Senators in even-numbered districts will be elected in 2022, and the Senate Committee on Rules will assign a Senator to each deferred area.
You can find your state representatives at this website.
National Geographic – December 21, 2021
So far, the U.S. government has handed out $10 billion in subsidies to purchase electric vehicles using tax credits.
The EV's tinier, dramatically greener cousin, the e-bike, hasn’t gotten squat—although there’s a chance that Americans might get e-bike rebates if the Senate approves the Build Back Better Act, already passed by the House.
Before we go there, why an e-bike? Doesn’t that just help you chug up a hill? Proponents say sales have jumped in recent years because of improvements in pricing, power, and lithium-ion battery technology. About that battery: It’s 1/90th the size of its EV cousin, a much more efficient use of cobalt and other rare earths, and much quicker to charge.
E-bikes begin at about $500 and can go up 10 times or so higher. The House-passed bill would give a credit of 30 percent for up to $3,000 spent on a new e-bike, excluding bikes that cost more than $4,000. The goal is to put more fannies in e-bike seats, Bloomberg’s Ira Boudway explains.
Back in September, a Nat Geo story proclaimed the future was electric. Writer Craig Welch was referring to EVs, but the new year may prove interesting for its spunky two-wheeled cousin, too.
San Francisco Chronicle –December 6, 2021
Even as state lawmakers scaled back their agendas to accommodate another session upended by the coronavirus pandemic, the California Legislature passed hundreds of bills, big and small, this year. Many of them take effect on Jan. 1, changing the rules on everything from how we vote to whether you can order a margarita with your Mexican takeout. Here are 22 new laws coming to California in 2022:
Housing: Will the California suburbs ever be the same? After several years of battles over single-family zoning and housing density, legislators passed SB9 by Senate President Pro Tem Toni Atkins, D-San Diego, which creates a streamlined process to split lots, add second units to the properties and convert homes into duplexes. Experts estimate it could help add hundreds of thousands of homes across the state by allowing up to four units on some properties that had just one before, though some cities have already rushed to limit its impact on their communities.
Another new measure to build out existing neighborhoods, SB10 by Sen. Scott Wiener, D-San Francisco, was targeted with a lawsuit almost as soon as it was signed. It allow cities to rezone some parcels in urban areas, including those near public transit, for up to 10 units without going through extensive environmental reviews. Wiener’s SB487 also tries to address California’s housing shortage by loosening regulations that limit square footage for a project based on lot size, which could clear the way for more small apartment buildings.
Localities like Brooklyn Center, Minnesota, and Berkeley, California, are re-imagining traffic enforcement amid national calls for police reform.
Published June 3, 2021 smartcitiesdive.com
The city of Brooklyn Center, Minnesota, last month became one of the latest localities to re-imagine the role of policing in traffic stops.
The city council passed a package of police reforms that calls for unarmed civilians — not police officers — to enforce certain traffic violations. The move follows an April incident in which a White former police officer shot and killed a 20-year-old Black man during a traffic stop.
Brooklyn Center isn’t alone in potentially overhauling its approach to policing and traffic enforcement. A recent Virginia bill limits the number of reasons police officers can pull over a driver, and the city of Berkeley, California, passed reforms in February that aim to limit police interactions at traffic stops.
These changes come roughly one year after the police killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis. They provide a potential model for other cities looking to address calls for police reform by removing officers from certain roles, using other approaches to enforce street safety instead.
"One of the biggest key themes of what we've been talking about in this body of work is about identifying the intersections between transportation policy and policing," said Berkeley City Councilmember Rigel Robinson. "And recognizing that in so many ways, mobility justice is racial justice."
California’s crisis of homelessness is driven by high housing costs. Despite the state’s wealth, strong economic growth, and robust social safety net, California has the highest poverty rate, at over 15%, of any state using the Census Bureau’s cost-of-living adjusted measure. Check out the Cato Institute’s Project on Poverty and Inequality.
Los Angeles county Sheriffs go from tent to tent on Venice beach asking the homeless occupants if they would like to move off of the beach into a shelter Wednesday, June 23, 2021. (Photo by David Crane, Los Angeles Daily News/SCNG)
Opinion by Michael Tanner |Los Angeles Daily News - October 21, 2021
This spring, an order from federal District Judge David O. Carter that Los Angeles provide shelter for all people currently encamped on skid row threw most of the city’s elected officials into a panic. Last month, they were temporarily saved from having to solve the homelessness crisis when a three-judge appeals court threw out Judge Carter’s decision.
But while city officials — and taxpayers — are momentarily off the hook, the thousands of Californians trapped on the street, in L.A. and across the state, are not.
There are roughly 63,000 homeless Angelenos, and more than 161,000 statewide, meaning California has the highest rate of homelessness in the nation. By some estimates, California has 48 percent of all unsheltered homeless Americans. Clearly, this situation cannot be allowed to continue.
This week, the Cato Institute’s Project on Poverty and Inequality in California released a report on ways to reduce poverty in the Golden State, and strategies for tackling homelessness loom large. In fact, fully one-third of the report deals with how to resolve high housing costs and the homeless crisis. And these two issues are deeply entwined.
Despite what some have claimed, California’s crisis of homelessness is driven by high housing costs. True, many people experiencing homelessness struggle with mental health or substance use challenges. But a majority of homeless Californians simply “fell to the street” because they were unable afford rent. In fact, data from the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority showed that a majority of people experiencing homelessness cited economic reasons for their loss of housing.
Lilly McGee 7/12/2021
Mis- and dis-information are two of the most insidious tools used to undermine our democracy and the value of every person’s voice. Learn how to recognize them and stop them in their tracks.
What Are Mis- and Disinformation?
Misinformation: inadvertently sharing false information without the intent to harm
Ex. Your sister says that the latest local bill will raise taxes because that’s what she heard from a trusted friend.
Disinformation: intentionally sharing false information with the intent to harm
Ex. Your sister lies that the latest local bill will raises taxes because she knows that’s the only way you won’t support it.
While disinformation may seem like the worse of the two, it’s frighteningly easy to spread misinformation. Remember the game “telephone” and how it shows that our messages get distorted over time? Every day, we play telephone in our face-to-face conversations, over social media, and more, with important political information.
Stephanie Hernandez 10/4/2021
Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15 – Oct. 15) is our chance to honor and celebrate the amazing accomplishments of individuals that identify as Hispanic or Latinx!
Labor Leader, Civil Rights Activist
Dolores Huerta was born on April 10, 1930, in Dawson, New Mexico. Huerta’s father was a farmworker and miner who became a state legislator in 1938; her mother was a community activist who ran a local hotel. Their civic engagement sparked Huerta’s later work as one of the most influential labor activists and leaders of the Chicano civil rights movement.
Huerta attended the University of the Pacific’s Delta College, where she trained as a teacher. She briefly taught in the 1950s, but after seeing so many of her students show up to class hungry and barefoot, she began her lifelong journey as an organizer and activist.
Mural of activist Dolores Huerta
In the 1960s, she founded the Agricultural Workers Association and led voter registration drives, specifically helping Hispanic Americans register to vote. She later met César Chávez, and the two co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, an organization meant to empower agricultural workers and improve working conditions.
Huerta quickly realized that she wasn’t only advocating for farm workers’ rights but also challenging gender discrimination. She emphasized the importance of the entire family in advocacy, since it was not just men but women and children who were involved in and impacted by agricultural work. Later in her career, she focused on women’s rights, specifically on encouraging more Hispanic women to run for office at the local, state, and federal levels.
In 2012, Huerta received The Presidential Medal of Freedom. Now at the age of 91, Dolores continues her activism through her organization, the Dolores Huerta Foundation, an organization that advocates for women, children, and farm workers.